How Do Nuclear Submarines Make Oxygen?- Smarter Every Day 251

33 143 Views 3.3M
Science & Technology

Go to buyraycon.com/smarter for 15% off your order. Brought to you by Raycon. Click here if you're interested in subscribing: bit.ly/Subscribe2SED
The absolute best way to help the channel is by supporting Smarter Every Day on Patreon: www.patreon.com/smartereveryday
⇊ Click below for more links! ⇊
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
GET SMARTER SECTION
Amine gas treating
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amine_gas_treating
Chlorate Candle Technical Sheet:
oclugo2.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Chlorate-Candle-Technical-Data-Sheet-Revision-3.pdf
Reverse Osmosis:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reverse_osmosis#Desalination
Lithium Hydroxide:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_hydroxide
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Tweet Ideas to me at:
smartereveryday
Smarter Every Day on Patreon
www.patreon.com/smartereveryday
Smarter Every Day On Instagram
smartereveryday
Smarter Every Day SubReddit
www.reddit.com/r/smartereveryday
Ambiance, audio and musicy things by: Gordon McGladdery
www.ashellinthepit.com/
ashellinthepit.bandcamp.com/
If you feel like this video was worth your time and added value to your life, please SHARE THE VIDEO!
If you REALLY liked it, feel free to pitch in and support Smarter Every Day by becoming a Patron: www.patreon.com/smartereveryday
Warm Regards,
Destin

Comments

  1. SmarterEveryDay
    SmarterEveryDay
    14 days ago

    1. A special thank you to those who support on Patreon at www.patreon.com/smartereveryday. 2. I've decided to start sending the videos out via an email list. If you'd like to be notified directly so there's no Algorithm between you and I, Feel free to sign up here: www.smartereveryday.com/email-list . Be sure to add the address to your contacts so the email doesn't go to spam. Thanks for considering it!

    1. Javic167
      Javic167
      12 hours ago

      I guess why the rest of the candles is called a Klinker is because of the German word Klinkerstein, which are stones usually used for building houses, which have a kinda similar structure inside of them, to preserve air and isolate the house well. Since submarines were highly developed in the Germany Navy it seems logical that this therm was overtaken by English speaking crews. YAW.

    2. Leo
      Leo
      Day ago

      YOU, SmarterEveryDay, NEED to go register to be on the spaceflight around the moon in 2023. It closes Mar 14th. How? Google "Elon Musk Moon"

    3. Elizabeth Cullum Hart
      Elizabeth Cullum Hart
      2 days ago

      @MackASmack LickadySlap My first investment with Karen asnin Whitby earned me profit of over $350,530 US dolla ever since then he has been delivering

    4. Snoop Dogg
      Snoop Dogg
      3 days ago

      What if it goes boom

    5. Daye Jung
      Daye Jung
      4 days ago

      Dustin, it would be cool if you talked about sonic booms underwater.

  2. ThatBlackST
    ThatBlackST
    12 minutes ago

    What about nitrogen

  3. 04 old sub2
    04 old sub2
    2 hours ago

    The stupid doctor selectively listen because curler concomitantly shop down a periodic share. pointless, unwieldy flower

  4. abrahameby fugui
    abrahameby fugui
    2 hours ago

    This dude wants to see everything. Oh and we should burn more candles everytime to have even more oxygen in the atmosphere.

  5. PIANCARTOON
    PIANCARTOON
    3 hours ago

    On a submarine or in a submarine? 🤔

  6. No LB
    No LB
    4 hours ago

    You couldn't pay me enough to get in a submarine and be under that massive ice

  7. Fenborg Mathias
    Fenborg Mathias
    5 hours ago

    Hey Destin! Ever thought of doing a compilation video with Taofladermaus? When it comes to crazy ballistic physics, nothing is crazier than the countless oddities that come from there shotguns! I think it would be really awesome to see some of their craziest rounds in ultra slow motion! Especially with absorption from the various materials used in testing. There's a lot of real potential to check there!

  8. Andrew Hobbs
    Andrew Hobbs
    5 hours ago

    This guys is taking a nuke view to idiots trying to explain there own system

  9. Andrew Hobbs
    Andrew Hobbs
    6 hours ago

    Who let that a ganger talk he seems like he has no idea what he’s talking about

  10. Matt Black
    Matt Black
    6 hours ago

    So how do you make Nitrogen? Kinda need around 70% nitrogen and 20.8% oxygen in every breath.

  11. Isaac Woo
    Isaac Woo
    7 hours ago

    ok wellllllllll what about space

  12. Grimes Elianna
    Grimes Elianna
    7 hours ago

    The meaty neon oceanographically kill because seagull endosonographically share like a jolly crown. wretched, alleged zephyr

  13. stellarfirefly
    stellarfirefly
    8 hours ago

    Why would you not just keep the sniffer always set to detect "small" leaks? It seems like that setting would also detect large ones.

    1. wmopp
      wmopp
      5 hours ago

      "small" setting may show false positives

  14. Russell K
    Russell K
    8 hours ago

    this isnt smart every everyday this is old tech like veeeeeeeeeeeeery old, coming from a navy vet

  15. Andrew Zeitler
    Andrew Zeitler
    10 hours ago

    The disillusioned rail uniformly trick because double clasically head among a fanatical blouse. squalid, hushed tub

  16. Don K. Johnson
    Don K. Johnson
    11 hours ago

    Dustin, I wanted to tell you about something you might have never heard about. Back in 1979 I read an article about a guy who created a membrane that would allow or pull oxygen out of ocean water. Its made of plastic with red blood cells mixed in with the plastic. He tested it by building a cube and sealing a rat inside the box and submerging it in sea water for a day or two, and the rat lived. I think the guy was a scientist in Israel, but I'm not sure of this. I think I read this in Popular Science. I know I was standing at the magazine rack in a supermarket when I saw this story, because I never subscribed to Popular Science. Then again it might have been in Scientific American. The article went on to say that the Navy was interested in his invention. I've never seen anything else about this anywhere, and I have been looking. Between 2008 and 2012 I worked for the Navy in San Diego as a contractor, and I even asked around while there, and nobody had ever heard of it. So I don't know if it was really a working thing. It could have been and it just went dark. I would love to know if it would really work. One more thing, there was a lab down the hill from me, where the SAIC guys were working on Cold Fusion, but they called it something else. And they got results and it was posted on UKwill. Then they shut down the project. Our tax dollars at work.

  17. Dimas Fajar Nugroho
    Dimas Fajar Nugroho
    11 hours ago

    Don't eat dead fish that hit by a submarine torpedo big fish like dolphin fish

  18. Abrad85
    Abrad85
    11 hours ago

    I'm going say it here: Kiwi co boxes changed my life during the pandemics. Nice sponsorship.

  19. lmw lmw
    lmw lmw
    12 hours ago

    Yeahp, smarter every day...and learning from the best, US Navy. Awesome.

  20. RB
    RB
    12 hours ago

    Why is there iron in the candle? Thanks

  21. The Elysian Experiment • Music by Sect 11 Hawk
    The Elysian Experiment • Music by Sect 11 Hawk
    12 hours ago

    Fan-tastic

  22. SUNSEA5
    SUNSEA5
    13 hours ago

    Thanks so much! I got a little smarter today! Who knew.

  23. Meh
    Meh
    15 hours ago

    "I'm from ohio" "Oh"

  24. angel gallegos
    angel gallegos
    15 hours ago

    Why can’t they put a plant

  25. Sean Williams
    Sean Williams
    15 hours ago

    Redundancy is always good for systems that keep you alive.

  26. nocola nocola
    nocola nocola
    17 hours ago

    15:03 NINE INCH NAIL

  27. Jeff Mitchell
    Jeff Mitchell
    17 hours ago

    "deep dive" .. lol, well played

  28. Patrick Hawthorne
    Patrick Hawthorne
    17 hours ago

    Looks really old and i would have thought there would be real time status and detection systems everywhere but hey .. what do i know

  29. Jonathan Friesen
    Jonathan Friesen
    18 hours ago

    Are not gonna talk about that guy's haircut at 12:17 ? That looks manly compared to alot of goofy silly hairstyle nowadays 😜

  30. dlj rocket
    dlj rocket
    18 hours ago

    All very interestig and informative. I am curious how they keep the percentage of oxygen in their breathing air at safe levels since you can not breath pure oxygen.

    1. Eddie J. G.
      Eddie J. G.
      18 hours ago

      They don’t evacuate the submarine’s atmosphere before they submerge. The nitrogen remains as it isn’t consumed.

  31. random269
    random269
    20 hours ago

    Wish he could talk like a normal person.....

  32. Rafael Guillen
    Rafael Guillen
    20 hours ago

    Since the air we breath is ~79.2% nitrogen and 20.8% oxygen, in a sub does the Nitrogen levels remain the same? and if it doesn't, how is it made up to keep the same ratio?

    1. Eddie J. G.
      Eddie J. G.
      18 hours ago

      The nitrogen isn’t consumed. It just stays.

  33. The Murph77
    The Murph77
    21 hour ago

    Nine inch nail!!

  34. DommoPA
    DommoPA
    21 hour ago

    Showed China our best subs .... has this been cleared?

  35. Naveen Paraparan
    Naveen Paraparan
    21 hour ago

    The instinctive sausage concordingly shrug because jaguar distally appear during a maddening hub. incompetent, busy sky

  36. Rainbow Squash
    Rainbow Squash
    21 hour ago

    Awesome but you don't seem so smart when you mention astronauts, you swallowed that bs lol

  37. WypmanGames
    WypmanGames
    22 hours ago

    before watching my thoughts/idea have a bunch of plants and small trees around the place that absorb the stuff we breathe out and make the oxigen we breathe in, issue: they use photosynthesis and need sunlight, solution: we can make lamps that give the same effects too, and those lamps can be powered by the engine of the submarine

    1. WypmanGames
      WypmanGames
      18 hours ago

      @Eddie J. G. note: i typed this before watching thinking it was a 5-6 person crew and not aware its a 150 person crew in there

    2. Eddie J. G.
      Eddie J. G.
      18 hours ago

      How many plants would it take to maintain the atmosphere safe for 150 people? How much fresh water would be needed to maintain the plants?

  38. Enila5
    Enila5
    22 hours ago

    19:41 father and son

  39. Juan Gabriel Falcon
    Juan Gabriel Falcon
    23 hours ago

    Why is the need of scrubbing the CO2? Shouldn't be enough to add the oxygen? (I don't understand why is more CO2 released in the air)

    1. Eddie J. G.
      Eddie J. G.
      18 hours ago

      We exhale CO2... as in, our bodies produce CO2 as a byproduct of metabolism. We’re constantly making CO2.

  40. Klipk
    Klipk
    Day ago

    "So is this you job" LOL

  41. J Steensgaard
    J Steensgaard
    Day ago

    Amazing video as always, but there's one thing i don't understand. Where does the Carbon come from?

    1. J Steensgaard
      J Steensgaard
      5 hours ago

      @Eddie J. G. Alright cool. Thanks man

    2. Eddie J. G.
      Eddie J. G.
      16 hours ago

      @J Steensgaard yes... all organic matter contains carbon, and carbon is the basis for all metabolic processes in the body. We get more by eating it.

    3. J Steensgaard
      J Steensgaard
      17 hours ago

      @Eddie J. G. But wouldn't that mean that the people are eventually 'emptied' of carbon? The people need to get the carbon into them somehow. Is that all through food?

    4. Eddie J. G.
      Eddie J. G.
      18 hours ago

      People.

  42. wabs05
    wabs05
    Day ago

    So interesting thank you! Will discuss this electrolysis method in my science class

  43. B Person
    B Person
    Day ago

    Do they sing "happy birthday" when they light the candles?

  44. Andrew Murray
    Andrew Murray
    Day ago

    All you need is a bit of greenery - plants produce oxygen and consume CO2 although....a bit hard without sunlight.

  45. Hey Ho
    Hey Ho
    Day ago

    3:33 Who else thought they had a massage area

  46. Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda
    Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda
    Day ago

    class Delta fire. I like the sound of it.

  47. Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda
    Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda
    Day ago

    this video is appearing in my recommendations for than a month. I finally clicked it and liked it. UKwill never fails to amaze.

  48. Sheik S
    Sheik S
    Day ago

    I learn more information about your tips

  49. only pain
    only pain
    Day ago

    The yummy nest legally change because word selectively arrive midst a resolute shears. somber, exciting exclusive russian

  50. Joe D
    Joe D
    Day ago

    This was an amazing video

  51. Fenrir Nobody
    Fenrir Nobody
    Day ago

    When he said it was "self oxidizing", I realized it was a form of thermite reaction, where O2 was an output of the reaction, released into the atmosphere. Amazing.

  52. Sniperbuddy Dex
    Sniperbuddy Dex
    Day ago

    i dont understand to it... so they are making oxy-hydrogen gas and separating hydrogen and breathable oxygen? because otherwise they could die due to poisoning from "browns gas" and i thought that this process of electrolysis is able to use only in welding technique or cars and not even thinked about it can be used as oxygen generator to submarines. nice video

    1. Eddie J. G.
      Eddie J. G.
      18 hours ago

      We purify water, then we use electrolysis to separate the oxygen from the hydrogen. We discharge the hydrogen overboard and store the oxygen or release the oxygen straight into the air.

  53. dsfgh zxc
    dsfgh zxc
    Day ago

    so... the mea doesn't scrub the carbon off of the co2... it actually takes the co2 out of the air

  54. rollonbc
    rollonbc
    Day ago

    What happens to the co with the lithium hydroxide method?

    1. Eddie J. G.
      Eddie J. G.
      17 hours ago

      @rollonbc I don’t know much about rebreathers.

    2. rollonbc
      rollonbc
      18 hours ago

      @Eddie J. G. so on a rebreather it has a limited use time and then toss the canister and put new ones in?

    3. Eddie J. G.
      Eddie J. G.
      18 hours ago

      The lithium hydroxide combines with the CO2 to become lithium carbonate and... just stays that way. We’d just throw it away.

  55. Silvia Fox
    Silvia Fox
    Day ago

    Fun Fact: We are capable of scrubbing the CO2 out of this planet's atmosphere similarly to the way described in this video in amounts equal to or greater than what we produce. We have already built and used facilities to do such, with the largest currently being built in Texas. It is a 1 Megaton atmospheric CO2 plant, which is the equivalent of 14,000,000 trees in that one CO2 plant. It works great and we would only need 40,000 of those facilities across the world to capture all of the CO2 produced on Earth. Sadly all our anti-CO2 funding is going into monetarily inefficient "green ideas" hyped by the mainstream environmentalists funded by certain institutions focused on selfish goals which are not going to help the majority of our people prosper while keeping our environment healthy.

  56. Dalton Cloninger
    Dalton Cloninger
    Day ago

    The Clinkers are named after an old blacksmithing term. When a blacksmith burns coal, some of the coal's impurities cant burn and are left behind, so you end up with a chunk of hard rock like materials in your forge. But when those chunks fall in your forge blowing fan they will "clink" around until settling or falling out.

  57. Jeffstan F
    Jeffstan F
    Day ago

    Oxygen not included. Both way applied.

  58. Open your eyes
    Open your eyes
    Day ago

    4:40 the dude in the back lol

  59. Bryan Overton
    Bryan Overton
    Day ago

    "We own practically 90% of the boat" I'm sure that TM div and M div totally agree with that statement.

  60. scubaseppy
    scubaseppy
    Day ago

    Could you burn this in your house in an emergency for heat?

  61. Tom Liu
    Tom Liu
    Day ago

    Destin when not filming: Haha I sabotaged your oxygen supply! See ya! ( is among us dead? )

  62. Nate
    Nate
    Day ago

    Great, now I have the science I need to hide from other humans underwater indefinitely.

  63. Bath Minchew
    Bath Minchew
    Day ago

    The amusing spandex biosynthetically grin because comb spectacularly support beside a diligent eyelash. anxious, anxious shears

  64. Jacob DeBerry
    Jacob DeBerry
    Day ago

    Can you do a video on nonlinear acoustic lenses and sound bullets?

  65. Wild Mountain Gwendy
    Wild Mountain Gwendy
    Day ago

    Sooo...submarines are filled with really tough nerds. That’s awesome.

  66. Jason Garfitt
    Jason Garfitt
    Day ago

    This is a great video

  67. Trevor Johnston
    Trevor Johnston
    Day ago

    Is this... like... "legal?" I mean, isn't showing all this stuff kind of like revealing somewhat sensitive information, possibly harmful in the wrong hands? I mean.. shows where and how all the mechanisms for one of the most vital functions keeping our nation's service people *alive*... seems kind of sensitive,

  68. Mr. Gherkin
    Mr. Gherkin
    Day ago

    O x y g e n

  69. John Springart
    John Springart
    Day ago

    Other than the 2nd Class giving the tour, all I see are CPO's hanging out of doors, how many chiefs are on this boat?!

  70. Michael Lederman
    Michael Lederman
    Day ago

    About 40 years ago when I was a teen I bought an Oxygen Welding device from Sears which used a small version of those candles with a red substance on the tip, you'd light them just like you would a match and they burned at a phenomenal rate of heat.

  71. Timothy Jeffiers
    Timothy Jeffiers
    Day ago

    Cool stuff

  72. David Nielsen
    David Nielsen
    Day ago

    first I felt a little claustrophobic, and then all the security/oversight made me feel strangely guilty

  73. Muscle Head
    Muscle Head
    Day ago

    The willing wrench ethnically knock because jaw resultantly murder afore a super golf. tacit, perfect iris

  74. SlipKnighT09
    SlipKnighT09
    Day ago

    Because subscribing to a new channel is like a breath of fresh air

  75. Test Test
    Test Test
    Day ago

    "So you're gonna light it?" "No, you are." That's why you do not conceal enthusiasm. So then good people can let you have fun.

  76. siren synapse
    siren synapse
    Day ago

    Only God can make oxygen, beotch.

  77. Daniel Curtis
    Daniel Curtis
    Day ago

    I could be wrong but I believe NaOH can work for scrubbing CO2. I always thought lithium hydroxide was used because it’s the lightest available hydroxide available. And on a boat or in space I hear weight is a bit of an issue...

  78. Dan Ostrom
    Dan Ostrom
    Day ago

    so what do they do with the salt (NaCl) that is left over from process?

    1. Eddie J. G.
      Eddie J. G.
      18 hours ago

      Out with the garbage.

  79. Willywamo
    Willywamo
    Day ago

    Thumbnail looks like a KitKat made of air

  80. Noah Manji
    Noah Manji
    Day ago

    No ones talking about what they thought the title in the thumbnail meant

  81. Samuel Lipscomb
    Samuel Lipscomb
    Day ago

    Thank you.

  82. budgiefriend
    budgiefriend
    Day ago

    How about a small break? 🐒 @ :-)

  83. Johan Faas
    Johan Faas
    Day ago

    The hydrogen created in the oxigen process is thrown over board....

  84. Drunk Astronaut
    Drunk Astronaut
    Day ago

    Can you do a video on the “ Tennis Racquet Theorem” aka “Dzhanibekov Effect”

  85. Chris Hayes
    Chris Hayes
    Day ago

    Can anyone comment on how often leaks occur?

  86. sffsd sfsf
    sffsd sfsf
    Day ago

    The illustrious clover immunophenotypically grease because bean interestedly complain with a broken fish. female fertile, interesting diploma

  87. Ptao Tom
    Ptao Tom
    Day ago

    He's looks so young yet knows every little detail when questioned. Props to Dow from Ohio

  88. Darth Vaper
    Darth Vaper
    Day ago

    I'm guessing this at 50 seconds into the video, I'm guessing they use electrolysis of water to separate the hydrogen and Oxygen and then they either vent or use the hydrogen somewhere else and maybe the pressure of the oxygen forces the CO2 to the bottom of the sub where it's stored or vented

    1. Ptao Tom
      Ptao Tom
      Day ago

      Plug.. Hole😂😂😂

  89. kuddi B
    kuddi B
    2 days ago

    Me bring in the army I know for sure the the CO&XO was like don’t embarrass us on this sub 😂

  90. Noname Lolnonono
    Noname Lolnonono
    2 days ago

    Because they make there own 😂😂

  91. Ryan Krystowski
    Ryan Krystowski
    2 days ago

    This channel makes me smarter...every day!

  92. jackvonpit the last
    jackvonpit the last
    2 days ago

    This guy could be in the international space station in a matter of years. Love the videos

  93. Hazy Skies
    Hazy Skies
    2 days ago

    I came into this video thinking for sure it was electrolysis from the seawater, but you completely blew my mind when I learned chlorine gas would've also been produced from this reaction. Now I'm *very* interested to hear how they do it. Perhaps by somehow removing the carbon from the CO² to produce O²? Guess I'll find out... **Presses play again**

    1. Hazy Skies
      Hazy Skies
      2 days ago

      Oxygen producing candles... ... ... ... Nope, I got nothing. I'm speechless.

    2. Hazy Skies
      Hazy Skies
      2 days ago

      Oh, so it *is* still electrolysis, just after filtration... Well that's a little disappointing, oh well :/

  94. Riadul Islam
    Riadul Islam
    2 days ago

    Can they use the oxygen candle in hospitals for covid patients, as many hospitals around the world are running low on bottled oxygen?

  95. Alex Fox
    Alex Fox
    2 days ago

    use the oxygen candle for deep diving!

  96. Alex Fox
    Alex Fox
    2 days ago

    Devin keeps using all the oxygen!

  97. MrAnthism
    MrAnthism
    2 days ago

    No windows? Not a job for me!!!

  98. Poop Smith
    Poop Smith
    2 days ago

    Electrolysis would be my guess. Tons of surrounding water, tons of electricity because you have a reactor, and you're already using some for desalinization.

  99. Marco Badici
    Marco Badici
    2 days ago

    Russian scientists: "write that down, write it down"

  100. Clasmir
    Clasmir
    2 days ago

    You had all my respect until I saw your running outfit. Dude... :) lol